How is light energy converted into chemical energy in plants?

Photosynthesis is the process in which light energy is converted to chemical energy in the form of sugars. In a process driven by light energy, glucose molecules (or other sugars) are constructed from water and carbon dioxide, and oxygen is released as a byproduct.

How do plants convert light energy to chemical energy?

photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

What converts sunlight to chemical energy in plant?

Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. It is like a solar panel that changes sunlight energy into electric energy. The entire process is called photosynthesis and it all depends on the little green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplast.

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How is light energy converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis quizlet?

How is light energy converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis? Light energy absorbed by pigments produces high-energy electrons that are used to convert NADP+ and ADP to the compounds NADPH and ATP, trapping the energy in chemical form.

How is the energy of light converted into chemical energy in the light dependent reactions?

In light-dependent reactions, the energy from sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll and converted into chemical energy in the form of electron carrier molecules like ATP and NADPH. Light energy is harnessed in Photosystems I and II, both of which are present in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts.

In what form is light energy converted during photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process in which light energy is converted to chemical energy in the form of sugars. In a process driven by light energy, glucose molecules (or other sugars) are constructed from water and carbon dioxide, and oxygen is released as a byproduct.

What is light energy used for during photosynthesis quizlet?

Photosynthesis uses the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide (reactants) into high-energy sugars and oxygen (products).

What happens during the light reactions of photosynthesis?

During the light-dependent stage (“light” reactions), chlorophyll absorbs light energy, which excites some electrons in the pigment molecules to higher energy levels; these leave the chlorophyll and pass along a series of molecules, generating formation of NADPH (an enzyme) and high-energy ATP molecules.

How is light energy converted to chemical energy and stored in carbohydrates in plants?

Photosynthesis is the process by which organisms that contain the pigment chlorophyll convert light energy into chemical energy which can be stored in the molecular bonds of organic molecules (e.g., sugars). Photosynthesis powers almost all trophic chains and food webs on the Earth.

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When light shines on chlorophyll the light energy is transformed into?

In the case of photosynthesis, light energy is transformed into chemical energy, which autotrophs use to build carbohydrate molecules. However, autotrophs only use a specific component of sunlight (Figure 5.8).

Where is light energy converted into an electron flow?

the reaction center is where light energy is converted into electron transport.