Your question: What is the analogy between mechanical and electrical systems?

What are electrical and mechanical systems?

Mechanical systems can include elements of infrastructure, plant and machinery, tool and components, heating and ventilation and so on. Electrical systems might include, power supply and distribution, telecommunications, computing instrumentation, control systems and so on.

What is electrical analogy?

Electricity 101 – Voltage, Current, and Resistance

VOLTAGE is like the pressure that pushes water through the hose. It is measured in volts (V). CURRENT is like the diameter of the hose. The wider it is, the more water will flow through.

What in electric system represents force in mechanical system?

There are two analogs that are used to go between electrical and mechanical systems. The analogous quantities are given below.

Key Concept: Analogous Quantities.

Electrical Quantity Mechanical Analog I (Force-Current) Mechanical Analog II (Force Voltage)
Voltage, e Velocity, v Force, f

What is analogy system?

A precise definition is given for the analogy of a dynamical system to another system (or subsystem thereof). … An analogy between two physical systems is a correspondence between them which preserves dynamical properties. Thus, the dynamics of any system can be read off by a study of any of its analogs.

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What is electrical analogy in heat transfer?

Heat conduction in solids is similar to the conduction of electricity in electrical conductors in many aspects. In a conductor, the flow of electricity is driven by a potential difference and so is the flow of heat driven by a difference in temperature.

What are the analogies for electrical parameters current?

So for this analogy, remember:

  • Water = Charge.
  • Pressure = Voltage.
  • Flow = Current.

What does an analogy look like?

For example, “Life is a box of chocolates.” An analogy is saying something is like something else to make some sort of explanatory point. For example, “Life is like a box of chocolates—you never know what you’re gonna get.” You can use metaphors and similes when creating an analogy.

Is water a good analogy for electricity?

The water/hose analogy for electricity is useful for explaining voltage, current, and power. In general terms, charge is water, voltage is the pressure of water, current is the flow of the water. Power is the total amount of water flowing in given time. … In this analogy, pressure plays the role of voltage.

What are the 3 basic principles of electricity?

When beginning to explore the world of electricity and electronics, it is vital to start by understanding the basics of voltage, current, and resistance. These are the three basic building blocks required to manipulate and utilize electricity.

Why mechanical systems are studied using electrical analogy?

Mechanical–electrical analogies are developed by finding relationships between variables in one domain that have a mathematical form identical to variables in the other domain. … The impedance analogy makes force and voltage analogous while the mobility analogy makes force and current analogous.

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What do you mean by analogous electrical circuit compare and justify your answer by electric and magnetic analogy?

As the path of an electric current is known as an electric circuit, similarly the path of magnetic flux is known as magnetic circuit. As an electric e.m.f. is necessary to cause the flow of current in an electric circuit, similarly magneto-motive force is required to create the ma netic flux in the magnetic circuit.

What are the analogies for electrical parameter voltage?


Force analogy Voltage analogy Current analogy
Force (F) Voltage (V) Current (I)
Mass (M) Inductor (L) Capacitor (C)
Spring Constant (K) 1/C 1/L
Damper (B) R 1/R

What are 5 examples of analogy?

Though there is no limit to the possibilities when it comes to word analogies, here are some examples to familiarize yourself with the concept:

  • hammer : nail :: comb : hair.
  • white : black :: up : down.
  • mansion : shack :: yacht : dinghy.
  • short : light :: long : heavy.
  • bees : hive :: bears : den.
  • speak : sing :: walk : dance.

What are the types of analogy?

What are the 5 types of analogy?

  • Cause to effect analogies.
  • Object to purpose analogies.
  • Synonyms.
  • Antonyms.
  • Source to product analogies.

Why is electrical resistance analogous to mechanical friction?

Electrical resistance is analogous to friction in a mechanical system. Friction, like resistance, converts energy to heat and dissipates it to the surrounding environment. … When enough current is impeded (i.e. resisted) this energy can even be converted directly into light which reduces the current flow.