Photosynthesis is the process by which organisms that contain the pigment chlorophyll convert light energy into chemical energy which can be stored in the molecular bonds of organic molecules (e.g., sugars).
What converts light energy into photosynthesis?
photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.
How does light energy get converted into chemical energy?
Light energy is converted to chemical energy when a photochemically excited special chlorophyll molecule of the photosynthetic reaction center loses an electron, undergoing an oxidation reaction.
What is light energy converted to during the light reactions?
Explanation: The light energy is converted into chemical enrgy. The most important by product of photosynthesis is oxygen. The other products are ATP and NADPH.
What converts sunlight to chemical energy in a plant cell?
Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. It is like a solar panel that changes sunlight energy into electric energy. The entire process is called photosynthesis and it all depends on the little green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplast.
What is chemical energy in photosynthesis?
In photosynthesis, solar energy is harvested as chemical energy in a process that converts water and carbon dioxide to glucose. Oxygen is released as a byproduct. In cellular respiration, oxygen is used to break down glucose, releasing chemical energy and heat in the process.
What happens to the chemical energy produced by photosynthesis?
Through photosynthesis, certain organisms convert solar energy (sunlight) into chemical energy, which is then used to build carbohydrate molecules. The energy used to hold these molecules together is released when an organism breaks down food. Cells then use this energy to perform work, such as cellular respiration.
How is light energy converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis quizlet?
How is light energy converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis? Light energy absorbed by pigments produces high-energy electrons that are used to convert NADP+ and ADP to the compounds NADPH and ATP, trapping the energy in chemical form.
How do chloroplasts convert sunlight into energy?
Photosynthesis is a two-step process. In chloroplasts, chlorophyll molecules absorb sunlight and pass the extra energy to molecular partners that use it to generate the energy-storing chemicals adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH).
What is the byproduct of light reaction?
The light-dependent reactions release oxygen as a byproduct as water is broken apart. In the Calvin cycle, which takes place in the stroma, the chemical energy derived from the light-dependent reactions drives both the capture of carbon in carbon dioxide molecules and the subsequent assembly of sugar molecules.
Where is light energy converted into an electron flow?
the reaction center is where light energy is converted into electron transport.
What is ADP and NADP?
ATP – Adenosine triphosphate. ADP – Adenosine diphosphate. NADP – Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. NADPH – The reduced form of NADP. In the Light Dependent Processes i.e Light Reactions, the light strikes chlorophyll a in such a way as to excite electrons to a higher energy state.