You asked: What is a chemical that captures energy for photosynthesis?

Within the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast is a light-absorbing pigment called chlorophyll, which is responsible for giving the plant its green color. During photosynthesis, chlorophyll absorbs energy from blue- and red-light waves, and reflects green-light waves, making the plant appear green.

What captures energy for photosynthesis?

In plants, the process of photosynthesis takes place in the mesophyll of the leaves, inside the chloroplasts. Chloroplasts contain disc-shaped structures called thylakoids, which contain the pigment chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs certain portions of the visible spectrum and captures energy from sunlight.

What chemical captures sunlight energy during photosynthesis?

Most plants contain a special colored chemical or pigment called chlorophyll that is used in photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is what absorbs the sun’s energy and turns it into chemical energy. Not all the light energy from the sun is absorbed. Sunlight has many different colors in it.

Where is the energy captured by photosynthesis?

During the process of photosynthesis, light penetrates the cell and passes into the chloroplast. The light energy is intercepted by chlorophyll molecules on the granal stacks. Some of the light energy is converted to chemical energy. During this process, a phosphate is added to a molecule to cause the formation of ATP.

IMPORTANT:  What is necessary for substances to conduct electricity?

What is the chemical reaction of photosynthesis?

The process of photosynthesis is commonly written as: 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2. This means that the reactants, six carbon dioxide molecules and six water molecules, are converted by light energy captured by chlorophyll (implied by the arrow) into a sugar molecule and six oxygen molecules, the products.

What substances are produced during photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to create oxygen and energy in the form of sugar.

What are the two kinds of reactions in photosynthesis?

Within the chloroplasts of a plant cell, photosynthesis occurs in two main phases: the light-dependent and light-independent reactions.

How do you find the total energy transferred during photosynthesis?

The energy (e) of a photon is given by the equation e = hc/λ, where c is the velocity of light, h is Planck’s constant, and λ is the light wavelength. The energy (E) of an einstein is E = Ne = Nhc/λ = 28,600/λ, when E is in kilocalories and λ is given in nanometres (nm; 1 nm = 109 metres).

What occurs in photosynthesis?

During the process of photosynthesis, cells use carbon dioxide and energy from the Sun to make sugar molecules and oxygen. … Then, via respiration processes, cells use oxygen and glucose to synthesize energy-rich carrier molecules, such as ATP, and carbon dioxide is produced as a waste product.

What is the chemical reaction for photosynthesis and cellular respiration?

The products of one process are the reactants of the other. Notice that the equation for cellular respiration is the direct opposite of photosynthesis: Cellular Respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O. Photosynthesis: 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6+ 6O.

IMPORTANT:  Does an induction stove use less electricity than a regular electric stove?