You asked: What are the 3 basic parts of a power plant Class 10?

What are the three basic parts of a power plant?

A steam power plant consists of a boiler, steam turbine and generator, and other auxiliaries. The boiler generates steam at high pressure and high temperature.

What are the major components of a power plant?

The main parts of Thermal Power Plant:

  • River or Canal.
  • Circulating Water Pump.
  • Condenser.
  • Heater.
  • Economizer.
  • Boiler.
  • Superheater.
  • Turbine.

What are the three main parts of a nuclear reactor?

Components of a nuclear reactor

  • Fuel. …
  • Moderator. …
  • Control rods or blades. …
  • Coolant. …
  • Pressure vessel or pressure tubes. …
  • Steam generator. …
  • Containment.

What are the parts of a power station?

What are the different components of a nuclear power plant?

  • Pressurizer. A component of the primary cooling circuit where the liquid and vapor stages are balanced in conditions of saturation, so as to control the pressure.
  • Reactor vessel. …
  • Fuel. …
  • Control rods. …
  • Vapor generators. …
  • Containment building. …
  • Turbine. …
  • Alternator.
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What are types of power plants?

Types of power plants for energy generation

  • Nuclear power plants. …
  • Hydroelectric power plants. …
  • Coal-fired power plants. …
  • Diesel-fired power plants. …
  • Geothermal power plants. …
  • Gas-fired power plants. …
  • Solar power plants. …
  • Wind power plants.

What are the three main sections of a nuclear power plant quizlet?

nuclear power plants

  • reactor.
  • generator.
  • cooling towers.

What is the principle of power plant?

Background principles. Electrical power generation is based on Faraday’s law of mutual electromagnetic induction: in an electrical circuit moving (e.g. rotating) so that it cuts magnetic lines of force, an e.m.f. is generated that is proportional to the rate at which unit lines of force are cut.

What are the 5 main components of a nuclear power plant?

Any nuclear reactor that produces power via the fission of uranium (U-235) or plutonium (Pu-239) by bombardment with neutrons must have at least five components: nuclear fuel consisting of fissionable material, a nuclear moderator, reactor coolant, control rods, and a shield/containment system.

What is a reactor in a nuclear power plant?

Nuclear reactors are machines that contain and control nuclear chain reactions while releasing heat at a controlled rate. A nuclear power plant uses the heat that a nuclear reactor produces to turn water into steam, which then drives turbine generators that generate electricity.

What is the basic structure of a fission reactor?

Main components

It contains low-enriched uranium (<5% U-235), control systems, and structural materials. The core can contain hundreds of thousands of individual fuel pins. The coolant is the material that passes through the core, transferring the heat from the fuel to a turbine.

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Why are power plants called plants?

The idea of an assembly line came from plants. Hence the term “plant”. More likely a shortening of plantation being a place of industrialised agriculture and hard, sometimes slave, labour.

Where are most power plants built?

Top 20 largest power producing facilities

Rank Station Country
1. Three Gorges Dam China
2. Itaipu Dam Brazil Paraguay
3. Xiluodu China
4. Belo Monte Brazil

What are the components of hydroelectric power plant?

What are the major components of a Hydroelectric Power Plant?

  • Head race tunnels/channels.
  • Surge shaft/surge chambers.
  • Pressure shaft/Penstock.
  • Underground and surface power house.
  • Tailrace channel or tailrace tunnel.