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explanation : The electric and magnetic field components of electromagnetic wave oscillate in such a way that they peak at the same time and they become zero at the same time but they point to different directions in space. e.g., both are separated by an angle of 90 degree.

## What is angle between electric and magnetic field in EM waves?

In an electromagnetic waves the electric component and magnetic component are mutually perpendicular to each other. The angle between them is 2π.

## What is the relationship between a magnetic field and an electric field?

Key Takeaways: Electricity and Magnetism

Together, they form electromagnetism. A moving electric charge generates a magnetic field. A magnetic field induces electric charge movement, producing an electric current. In an electromagnetic wave, the electric field and magnetic field are perpendicular to one another.

## What is the angle between electric field and equipotential surface?

The angle between the electric field and the equipotential surface is always 90^{}. The equipotential surface is always perpendicular to the electric field.

## Are electric and magnetic field vectors parallel?

Both electric and magnetic field vectors are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of wave.

## What is difference between magnetic field and electric field?

A magnetic field is a field explaining the magnetic influence on an object in space. A electric field is a field defined by the magnitude of the electric force at any given point in space. Current is the rate of charge moving past a region.

## Are electric field and magnetic field the same?

An electric field is essentially a force field that’s created around an electrically charged particle. A magnetic field is one that’s created around a permanent magnetic substance or a moving electrically charged object.

## Is electric field and electric field intensity same?

The electric field is a vector, a quantity that has both a magnitude and a direction. The electric field intensity is the magnitude of the vector.

## What is the angle of electric field?

The angle between Electric field and an equipotential surface is always 90. This is because,when the potential becomes constant,the negative potential gradient also becomes zero,hence necessitating the need for Electric field to be always normal with surface.

## What is the angle between electric?

Dipole moment and electric field are opposite to each other on equatorial line. Hence the angle between them is 180 degrees.

## Why is the angle between the electric field and equipotential surface always 90?

The angle between Electric field and an equipotential surface is always 90 degree. This is because, when the potential becomes constant, the negative potential gradient also becomes zero, hence necessitating the need for Electric field to be always normal with surface.

## Are electric and magnetic fields perpendicular?

Electric fields and magnetic fields (E and B) in an EM wave are perpendicular to each other and are also perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave. Because electric and magnetic fields change in a plane (perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation), the direction of change still has some freedom.

## What is the phase difference between electric and magnetic field vectors in EM wave?

In EM waves the phase difference between electric and magnetic fields is 180 degree.

## Can we say that both electric and magnetic field vectors are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave justify?

Propagation of electromagnetic waves be like: As we see in the diagram, Both electric and magnetic field vectors attend the maximum and minimum at same place and same time, Both electric and magnetic field vectors are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave.