There are four main types of electrical injuries: flash, flame, lightning, and true. Flash injuries, caused by an arc flash, are typically associated with superficial burns, as no electrical current travels past the skin.
Electrical burns are the most common shock-related, nonfatal injury. They occur when a worker contacts energized electrical wiring or equipment. Although electrical burns can occur anywhere on the body, they most often occur on the hands and feet.
What are the four main types of electrical injuries OSHA?
Dubbed the “Fatal Four” by OSHA, they include falls, electrocutions, being struck by objects, and getting caught in or between hazards.
What are the four main types of electrical injuries quizlet?
The four main types of electrical injuries are electrical shock, burns, electrocution, and falls caused from shocks. You just studied 10 terms!
Electrical injury is damage caused by generated electrical current passing through the body. Symptoms range from skin burns, damage to internal organs and other soft tissues to cardiac arrhythmias and respiratory arrest. Diagnosis is based on history, clinical criteria, and selective laboratory testing.
What are the 3 types of electrical burns?
Burns caused by electricity may be of three types: electrical burns, arc burns, and thermal contact burns. Electrical burns can result when a person touches electrical wiring or equipment that is used or maintained improperly. Typically, such burns occur on the hands.
What are electrical accidents?
An electrical accident is an undesired event caused by electric current resulting to injury to a person or damage to property. … Injury means suffering, discomfort/inconvenience, bodily or psychological injury or death that is caused by electric current.
What are 5 electrical safety tips?
Electrical safety for kids
- Never put fingers or other objects in an outlet.
- Keep metal objects out of toasters.
- Never use anything with a cord or plug around water.
- Never pull a plug out by its cord.
- Stay away from substations and power lines.
- Don’t climb on power poles.
- Never fly kites near power lines.
What is the most common OSHA electrical violation?
According to OSHA’s top ten most cited safety violations in 2020, the most frequently cited electrical violation was the inability to control hazardous energy. In the industrial world, controlling hazardous energy is bundled together with the use of a Lockout Tagout program.
What are the most common electrical safety issues that safety professionals encounter?
The following hazards are the most frequent causes of electrical injuries: contact with power lines, lack of ground-fault protection, path to ground missing or discontinuous, equipment not used in manner prescribed, and improper use of extension and flexible cords.
Which of the following are electrical hazards?
The main hazards with electricity are: contact with live parts causing shock and burns. faults which could cause fires; fire or explosion where electricity could be the source of ignition in a potentially flammable or explosive atmosphere, e.g. in a spray paint booth.
Which of the following is a danger associated with electricity quizlet?
OSHA’s electrical standards address electrical workplace hazards. Employees working on, near, or around electricity may be exposed to dangers such as, electric shock, electrocution, burns, fires, and explosions.
What are OSHA electrical standards based on?
OSHA’s electrical standards are based on the National Fire Protection Association Standards NFPA 70, National Electric Code, and NFPA 70E, Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces.
What are the effects of electrical injuries?
A shock can affect the nervous system
When nerves are affected by an electric shock, the consequences include pain, tingling, numbness, weakness or difficulty moving a limb. These effects may clear up with time or be permanent. Electric injury can also affect the central nervous system.
What are common causes of electrical accidents?
Here are the common causes of electrical accidents:
- Plugs and cords. Most fire protection associations have reported that electrical cords and plugs are responsible for the deaths of individuals that were related to electrical accidents every year. …
- House wiring. …
- Appliances and fixtures. …
- Wet areas.
What are the 3 possible factors causing electrical accidents?
Most electrical accidents result from one of the following three factors: Unsafe equipment or installation. Unsafe environment or. Unsafe work practices.