Quick Answer: What are possible negative effects of building a hydropower dam select the two correct answers?

What is a possible negative effect of building a hydropower dam?

Hydropower dams degrade water quality along rivers. Water that flows downstream from the dams is depleted of oxygen, which harms many aquatic animals. The reservoirs above dams are susceptible to harmful algal blooms, and can leach toxic metals such as mercury from submerged soil.

What are the negative effects of hydropower?

Here are a few of the main disadvantages of hydroelectric energy.

  • It Has an Environmental Impact. Perhaps the largest disadvantage of hydroelectric energy is the impact it can have on the environment. …
  • It Displaces People. …
  • It’s Expensive. …
  • There are Limited Reservoirs. …
  • There are Droughts. …
  • It’s Not Always Safe.

What are the negative effects on the environment when building a large hydroelectric dam?

Flooding land for a hydroelectric reservoir has an extreme environmental impact: it destroys forest, wildlife habitat, agricultural land, and scenic lands. In many instances, such as the Three Gorges Dam in China, entire communities have also had to be relocated to make way for reservoirs [3].

What are the four drawbacks or negatives to building hydropower dams?

Disadvantages of hydroelectric energy

  • Environmental consequences. …
  • Expensive to build. …
  • Drought potential. …
  • Limited reservoirs.
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What is a potential negative effect of building a dam on a river?

Dams change the way rivers function. They can trap sediment, burying rock riverbeds where fish spawn. Gravel, logs, and other important food and habitat features can also become trapped behind dams. This negatively affects the creation and maintenance of more complex habitat (e.g., riffles, pools) downstream.

What are the negative impacts of dams on the environment?

Dams store water, provide renewable energy and prevent floods. Unfortunately, they also worsen the impact of climate change. They release greenhouse gases, destroy carbon sinks in wetlands and oceans, deprive ecosystems of nutrients, destroy habitats, increase sea levels, waste water and displace poor communities.

Which of the following is a disadvantage of hydropower Mcq?

They are not Non-renewable because water is inexhaustible. It is not continuous source of energy because its output fluctuates with change in flow rate of water with season.

What are the effects of dam construction?

Dam construction could affect the biodiversity of microorganisms, benthos, plankton, fish (including aquatic mammals), botany and birds. Dam construction decreased the water fungal biomass and richness in reservoirs and downstream reaches, but increased the soil microorganisms in downstream lake wetlands.