Electricity is delivered to consumers through a complex network. Electricity is generated at power plants and moves through a complex system, sometimes called the grid, of electricity substations, transformers, and power lines that connect electricity producers and consumers.
How is electricity distributed from power stations to consumers?
Transformers in substations reduce the strength, or the voltage, of electricity. Power lines or underground cables leaving the substation carry electricity at a lower voltage. … Electricity is distributed through a series of substations, each time reducing its voltage until it is suitable for the customer to use.
How do you distribute electricity?
Electric power from the generating station is transmitted at high voltage to the substation located in or near the city. At this substation, voltage is stepped down to 11 kV with the help of step-down transformer. Power is supplied to various substations for distribution or to big consumers at this voltage.
What is electrical consumer distribution?
Electric power distribution is the final stage in the delivery of electric power; it carries electricity from the transmission system to individual consumers. … Primary distribution lines carry this medium voltage power to distribution transformers located near the customer’s premises.
How is electricity distributed to our homes?
The electricity that flows to our homes is generated in power stations. From here, it flows through large transmission lines, which carry it to substations. Finally, distribution lines carry electricity from substations to houses, businesses, and schools like yours!
How is low voltage electrical energy distributed to consumers today?
Distribution networks in turn transport electricity at lower voltages to end-use customers. Transmission networks consist of towers and the wires that run between them, underground cables, transformers, switching equipment, reactive power devices, and monitoring and telecommunications equipment.
How do electricity companies work?
Electricity Provider defined: Electricity providers are companies that purchase wholesale electricity from electricity generators. They then sell it at the retail level to the general public for use in homes and businesses. And, they work with the local utility company that delivers that power to customers.