Typically, fuel is used to boil water in a large pressure vessel to produce high-pressure steam, which drives a steam turbine connected to an electrical generator. The low-pressure exhaust from the turbine passes through a steam condenser and is recycled to where it was heated. This is known as a Rankine cycle.
What is thermal power cycle?
Thermodynamic cycles allow the reciprocal conversion in a continuous manner of thermal energy into other kinds of energy. A work-supplying cycle is referred to as the power cycle (Fig. 1). Such cycles are traced clockwise and they remove heat from the hot reservoir, supply work, and reject heat to the cold reservoir.
How many cycles are there in thermal power plant?
Thermal efficiency is a measure of the performance of a power plant. The 2 main thermodynamic cycles used widely in the generation of electricity are the Rankine and Brayton cycles. These cycles are also referred to as power cycles, as they convert heat input into mechanical work output.
Which cycle is best for thermal power plant?
The Rankine cycle with its modifications suggests the best efficiency that can be obtained from this two phase thermodynamic cycle when operating under given temperature limits but its efficiency is less than that of the Carnot cycle since some heat is added at a lower temperature.
What is cycle power plant?
The thermodynamic cycle of the basic combined cycle consists of two power plant cycles. One is the Joule or Brayton cycle which is a gas turbine cycle and the other is Rankine cycle which is a steam turbine cycle. The cycle 1-2-3-4-1 which is the gas turbine power plant cycle is the topping cycle.
Which cycle is not used in thermal power plant?
Real Rankine cycle (non-ideal)
In a real power-plant cycle (the name “Rankine” cycle is used only for the ideal cycle), the compression by the pump and the expansion in the turbine are not isentropic. In other words, these processes are non-reversible, and entropy is increased during the two processes.
What is the efficiency of thermal power plant?
The actual thermal efficiency of a modern thermal power plant usually ranges between 35% and 49%. 2.3 Generator loss Modern generators usually attain an efficiency of around 96%-99%. As shown above, in the three main stages of thermal power generation, most of the energy loss comes from cold source loss.
Which cycle is used for steam power plant?
The steam Rankine cycle is one of the highest utilized types of thermodynamic cycles for electricity production in the world . The steam power stations run on Rankine cycles using steam as a working fluid. The simple ideal Rankine cycle is in fact the most basic vapor power cycle.
Why do we reheat steam?
The reheat cycle has been developed to take advantage of the increased efficiency with higher pressures, and yet avoid excessive moisture in the low pressure stages of the turbine. So with reheat the mean temperature of heat addition increases and so efficiency and work output.
What is meant by Rankine cycle?
The Rankine cycle is a thermodynamic cycle in which power is produced from a liquid heated to produce steam. This term is named for Scottish engineer William Rankine (1820-1872) The simplest vapor-power cycle is the Rankine cycle. The Rankine cycle is also sometimes called the standard vapor power cycle.
What is binary plant?
Binary plants specifically use a second working fluid (hence, “binary”) with a much lower boiling point than water. The binary fluid is operated through a conventional Rankine cycle. Generally, the working fluid is a hydrocarbon such as isopentane, or a refrigerant.
What is the function of turbine in thermal power plant?
The steam turbine converts the heat energy of steam into mechanical energy. The generator then converts the mechanical energy into electric power.
What is steam rate and heat rate?
Steam rate = kg/kWh. … Heat rate: It is rate of heat input (Q1) required for producing unit work output (1 kW).
What are types of power plants?
Types of power plants for energy generation
- Nuclear power plants. …
- Hydroelectric power plants. …
- Coal-fired power plants. …
- Diesel-fired power plants. …
- Geothermal power plants. …
- Gas-fired power plants. …
- Solar power plants. …
- Wind power plants.
What is a 2X1 combined cycle power plant?
2×1 configuration of combined cycle plants
In this configuration, the plant has two gas turbines of the same capacity, each connected to its own generator, and the gas is fed to two independent heat recovery steam generators (HRSG).
Which of the following thermal power plant will have the highest overall thermal efficiency?
Wind turbines have an overall conversion efficiency of 30% to 45%. These two renewable sources, though efficient, are dependent on the availability of the energy source. Solar thermal systems can achieve efficiency up to 20%.
|Nuclear Power station||55%|